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Ratings Definitions 

Current Ratings Definition 

LightShed Partners’ recommendations are based on a stock’s total forecasted return over the next 12 months. Total forecasted return is equal to the expected percentage price return plus gross dividend yield. We divide our stocks under coverage into three primary ratings categories, with the following return guidelines: 

Buy – we expect the stock price to appreciate by 15% or more over the next 12 months


Neutral – we expect the stock price to change by less than 15% within the next 12 months


Sell – our firm’s opinion is that this stock likely will be down by 15% or more over the next 12 months 

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Company Valuation and Risk Disclosures

Activision Blizzard, Inc. (ATVI, Buy, $92 PT)
Valuation: Our $92 PT is 26x our average 2020-2022 EPS estimate of $3.52.
Risks: Our numbers assume meaningful bookings from upcoming Blizzard titles Overwatch 2 and Diablo 4. Any delay in production and release would have a direct impact on our numbers. Pandemic-related tailwinds abate faster than expected and are one-time in nature. Warzone’s success as an FTP offering ultimately cannibalizes sales of this fall’s newest COD premium release, Cold War. Activision’s upcoming releases, which are based on IP that originated 20+ years ago, could fail to resonate with present day players. CoD Mobile fails to maintain its current monetization trajectory over an extended period of time. Poor execution of in-game monetization could alienate consumers. Inability to develop advertising business and non-Candy Crush IP for King.

AMC Entertainment Holdings. (AMC, Sell, $.01 PT)
Valuation: Our $0.01 one-year price target is based on 8x 2022E adjusted EBITDA of $612 million, with AMC currently trading at over 15x 2022E adjusted EBITDA
Risks: Movie attendance returns (and sustains) at a level significantly greater than 2019, raising EBITDA to record highs. Studios do not maintain and expand upon significant window changes post-pandemic. AMC is able to continue working out relaxed debt/rent terms, pushing large cash outlays further out and delaying potential bankruptcy. Exhibitors are able to pivot the business in an unforeseen and non-traditional way that creates new revenue streams, increasing cash flow.

Anterix (ATEX, Buy, $96 PT)
Valuation: Our $96 price target is based on an NPV of future cash flows assuming spectrum monetization at $1.50/MHz/POP. We start taxing our cash flow at 28% starting in 2025, but believe there are opportunities to reduce this impact to our free cash flow estimates. We use a 15x multiple on our free cash flow estimate in 2027, the year we expect it to reach 50% spectrum monetization. Our cost of equity is 8%. We assign no incremental cost or value to its services business.
Risks: Risks include lengthy sales cycles with utility customers, competitive spectrum lease opportunities from 600 MHz spectrum owners, competitive connectivity options from shared wireless or satellite operators, and inability to negotiate the terms to clear existing spectrum users.

AT&T (T, Buy, $36 PT)
Valuation: Our $36 price target is the sum-of-the-parts of $6 per share from Warner Bros plus $30 per share for the remaining connectivity business. Our $30 per share value for AT&T’s remaining business is based on a 2023 free cash flow yield of 8.0%. In comparison, Verizon trades at that 2023 free cash flow yield today. Furthermore, these estimates assume a 25% cash tax rate for both companies. If AT&T’s effective cash tax rate ends up being 15%, frankly a more likely scenario, our $30 value would imply a 9.1% free cash flow yield. Our target also implies a 3.9% dividend yield.
Risks: The wireless market can see increased competition from well-funded, existing competitors and new entrants like Dish. Technological changes like eSIM can change the competitive dynamics of the market. The tax burden could be even higher than our conservative estimates or the WarnerMedia-Discovery deal could not be given favorable tax treatment. AT&T could spend more than our $12 billion estimate for the upcoming 3.45 GHz spectrum auction.

Fubo (FUBO, Sell, $6.50 PT)
Valuation: Our $6.50 one-year price target is based on a 7.5x multiple of 2025 advertising contribution margin discounted back at 15% for four years. 
Risks: (1) Fubo is able to grow subscribers significantly above our forecast of 2 million by 2025. (2) Fubo is able to grow advertising revenue to far above $20/sub/month by 2025. (3) Fubo is able to bring down the price of programming or drop programming without losing subscribers or impacting subscriber growth. (4) Fubo figures out a way to generate meaningful revenue from sports betting. (5)Fubo is acquired by one of its vMVPD peers who looks to accelerate consolidation.

Iridium (IRDM, Buy, $54 PT)
Valuation: Our $54 price target is based on 4% free cash flow yield on our 2022 free cash flow estimate plus $3.50 per share to reflect the present value of future distributions from Aireon. Our price target implies 22x our 2022 Cash EBITDA estimate and compares to the current consensus multiple of 18.5x.
Risks: An extension of the pandemic could impact revenue growth. New LEO’s could present competitive pressures. Supply-chain issues could limit growth. Satellite failure could disrupt service.

KORE Wireless (KORE, Buy, $14 PT)
Valuation: Our $14 price target on KORE is based on the present value of a taxed 2025 FCF estimate of $80 million. It implies a 3.0% free cash flow yield on our 2022 estimate of $31 million, which is not taxed. It also implies 19.4x our 2022 EBITDA estimate. 
Risks: KORE competes against (and is a partner with) a number of larger, well-funded competitors whose strategies could evolve as their existing enterprise customers develop IoT. KORE does not own a network, but purchases capacity on a wholesale basis from network operators. IoT use cases and device proliferation may not occur at as rapid a pace as many estimates suggest. The limited float could create volatility in the stock, particularly around the registration of 22.5 million shares sold in the Pipe, 45-90 days after close.

Live Nation (LYV, Buy, $100 PT)
Valuation: Our 12-month price target of $100 is based on a 19.5x 2021 EV/EBITDA multiple.
Risks: A global recession could limit discretionary income and slow fan and ticket growth. Regulatory risk tied to Live Nation’s vertically integrated business model. An inability to meaningfully scale sponsorship opportunities outside of festivals. Slower-than-expected international growth as Live Nation moves into new markets

Loral Space (LORL, Buy, $42 PT)
Valuation: Our $42 price target is based on a sum-of-the-parts analysis, which is detailed in our initiation report. (Link)
Risks: The risks to the legacy business include the end of the useful life of satellites in terms of their functionality and the revenue renegotiations on contracts that had been previously tied to their useful life. The decline in the Pay TV market also increases the risks of non-renewals. That risk is elevated in the event of a merger of DirecTV and Dish, a deal that we believe could pass regulatory review under the Biden administration.
Regulatory risk is always a factor for a global business selling connectivity. The risks of the LEO business also include financing, especially if the ISED does not propose a C-Band clearing plan that pays Telesat material proceeds. There are obviously risks of competitive capacity from additional LEO satellite launches, if those companies’ pivot their model to Telesat’s target markets. We do not believe terrestrial networks pose material risks to satellite connectivity.

Madison Square Garden Entertainment (MSGE, Buy, $120 PT)
Valuation: Our $120 price target is based on a SOTP methodology
Risks: MSGE is levered to the entertainment industry, which is uniquely impacted by the ongoing COVID-19 global pandemic. We have accounted for a prolonged downturn due to COVID-19. However, any extension of COVID-19’s impact beyond our modeled timeline could have a negative impact on MSGE’s entertainment business and the company’s valuation. We also model material Sphere AOI in 2023. Any delay in construction timeline could also impact our valuation.

Netflix, Inc. (NFLX, Buy, $630 PT)
Valuation: Our 12-month price target of $630 is based on a 25x 2023 EBITDA discounted back at 15%.
Risks: Proliferation of new SVOD and AVOD streaming services (Disney+, Apple TV+, HBO Max, Quibi, Peacock, etc) increases competition for consumer time and money, which could have a negative impact on Netflix’s subscriber growth, particularly in the US . More competition for content could increase Netflix’s content costs and slow its contribution margin growth. Competitors have started to pull library content from Netflix, which could increase the service’s churn. Netflix has historically accessed debt markets for financing. Any adverse changes in lending standards could impact Netflix’s ability to continue increasing their spend. International growth will require specific, and potentially expensive, content tied to each individual market, with no guarantees that the content will resonate outside of its intended market.

Pinterest Inc. (PINS, Buy, $100 PT)
Valuation: Our 12-month price target of $100 is based on a 35x 2024 EBITDA discounted back two years at 15%.
Risks: Lower engagement as the world reopens post-pandemic. Increased competition from Facebook, Instagram and other large tech platforms that are making more of their content shoppable. Weaker economic outlook pressuring advertising revenues, which make up 100% of Pinterest’s revenues. Failure to improve overseas monetization.

Radius Global (RADI, Buy, $21 PT)
Valuation: Our price target of $21 is based on a sum-of-the-parts of Radius’s two businesses. The portfolio company can be simply valued as a multiple of its in-place rents. We believe the appropriate blended multiple should be 16x, which assumes a high of 20x for the United States and a low of 10x for Latin American assets. This results in $11 per share of value. We value the acquisition company by estimating the amount of in-place rents we believe it can generate in 10 years. We then assume a 15x exit multiple and find the present value using an 8% cost of equity. This results in $10 per share of value. Our price target also implies 22.6x our 2022 Portfolio Company EBITDA estimate. 
Risks: Radius is subject to currency and political risks since the majority of revenue is generated outside the US. There is potential regulatory risk in the UK where operators have been pushing for rent abatements. The company could face some pressure on its rooftop sites if wireless carriers decide to relocate.

Roblox Corp. (RBLX, Buy, $85 PT)
Valuation: Our 12-month price target of $85 is based on 20x our 2022 bookings estimate of $2.75bn.
Risks: Lift from COVID is temporary and Roblox users become much less engaged following reopening. Even if Roblox provides better tools, UGC developers are unable to create experiences with broader appeal. Developers require significantly larger bookings share, especially as a result of competition with Epic / Fortnite. UGC experiences lose appeal as professional studios create better experiences and metaverse is more interoperable / distributed.

SBA Communications (SBAC, Buy, $413 PT)
Valuation: Our $413 price target implies a 3.0% AFFO yield on our 2023 estimate of $12.48. It is based on a sum-of-the-parts that implies a blended 32.4x multiple on our 2023 Cash EBITDA estimate.
Risks: SBA operates in markets outside of the US where it could face political and currency risk particularly in emerging markets. US wireless operators could establish new, greenfield tower companies that could accept lower rents, a strategy used in the past. Small cells could present a larger opportunity in the future as networks densify further.

Snap, Inc. (SNAP, Buy, $84 PT)
Valuation: Our 12-month price target of $84 is based on 35x 2024 EBITDA discounted back at 15% for two years, which equates to 20x 2022 revenues.
Risks: Increased competition from TikTok, Facebook and Instagram could pressure Snapchat’s user base and engagement pressuring advertising growth. Geopolitical uncertainty and/or reacceleration in the global health crisis weakening the global economy and in turn, the global ad market. Creators migrate to other platforms away from Snapchat due to superior monetization opportunities elsewhere. AR commerce/shopping fails to develop a meaningful consumer use case.

The Madison Square Garden Company (MSG, Buy, $360 PT)
Valuation: We value MSG at $360, based on a sum-of-the-parts basis. We are valuing Entertainment Co at $161 excluding its retained interest in sports.  We are valuing Sports Co at $198.  If we allocate 1/3 of Sports to Entertainment, Entertainment shareholders would own $227 per share of value in the Entertainment company and $133 in Sports company.  Adding the two pieces together, we get $360.
Risks: Greater-than-anticipated capex and lower-than-anticipated EBITDA tied to the MSG Spheres. Economic downturn in New York City. Declining or stagnant professional sports franchise valuations in future ownership sales.

Twitter Inc. (TWTR, Buy, $45 PT)
Valuation: Our 12-month price target of $45 is based on a 25x 2021 EV/EBITDA multiple.
Risks: DAU growth slows and/or reverses due to reduced interest in the Twitter product offering and/or increased competition from larger industry peers such as Facebook and Google. Given that the overwhelming majority of Twitter’s revenues are derived from advertising, a meaningful downturn in the global economic outlook could pressure Twitter’s earnings growth. Increased regulation adds to cost pressure and weakens the ability to monetize Twitter’s user base. Weakness in the Japanese market given that it represented 16% of total company revenue in 2019.